Learn About Sports

Athletics - Throwing Events (A)

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Athletic events have been included in the Paralympic program since the first Games in Rome, Italy in 1960.

Athletics consists of 18 events:

  • Nine track events (100 m, 200 m, 400 m, 800 m, 1,500 m, 5,000 m, 10,000 m, 4 x 100 m relay, 4 x 400 m relay)
  • Four throwing events (shot put, discus, javelin, club throw)
  • Three jumping events (long jump, triple jump, high jump)
  • The Pentathlon (a multi-discipline event)
  • The Marathon (a long distance running event)

Athletes are classified and compete in five categories:

  1. blind or partially sighted;
  2. spinal cord injuries and other physical disabilities;
  3. cerebral palsy;
  4. standing athletes with an amputation and athletes with limited function in an upper limb, lower limb and/or torso; and
  5. athletes with dwarfism due to lack of cartilage formation (throwing events only).

Within each category, based on the severity of the athlete’s disability, athletes compete in sub-categories.

In general, the International Amateur Athletic Federation (IAAF) sets rules used in competition, however certain modifications have been made to select events:

  • For example, in track events up to 400m, blind and partially sighted athletes are permitted a guiderunner to assist them. Each athlete is assigned two lanes – one for themselves and the other for their guide. In track events longer than 400m, blind and partially sighted athletes are permitted two guiderunners. In the 100m sprint, long jump and triple jump events, blind athletes are permitted the use of acoustic signals such as clapping, voice, or electronic aids.
  • For athletes competing in a wheelchair, all wheelchairs must be approved prior to competition to ensure that they comply with the competition standards set for the event.

Minor equipment modifications have been approved for competition use. For example, blind athletes are permitted the use of an adaptive device that wraps around the runner and their sighted guide. Athletes also utilize specialized wheelchairs, prosthetic devices, walking aids and other assistive devices to help in competition.

Results for Athletics - Throwing Events

Typical Score
Vertical Jump (Explosive Power) ---
Sit and Reach (Flexibility) ---
800m Run (Aerobic Fitness) ---
Partial Curl-Ups (Muscular Endurance) ---
30m Sprint (Speed) ---
Stork Stand (Balance) ---
T-Drill (Agility) ---
Basketball Throw (Strength) ---